Hibiscus flower (Zobo leaves) is one important plant crop that has become a big money spinner in Nigeria because of the high for it by Pharmaceutical, food, livestock Feeds, beverages and cosmetic manufacturing companies abroad due to its high medicinal properties like antibacterial, antifungal, anti-parasitic and richness in Vitamin C that helps in management of so many medical conditions.
Hibiscus Flower Farming Business in Nigeria
Uses of Hibiscus Flower
The Hibiscus flower is used to produce the following.
!. Hibiscus flower is used to produces the herbal tea popularly known as Zobo drink in Nigeria.
2. it’s used by cosmetic companies in making hair care products like hair oil, conditioners, and shampoos.
3. Hibiscus flower is also used in the Poultry industries as feeds for animals. They can be either fed fresh or dried. They are used as the sole protein feed for ruminants and as a carotene source for layers (in poultry farm).
4. Hibiscus flower is used beverages companies in the production of soft drinks, wine, juice, jam, jelly, and syrups.
5. Hibiscus flower plant is widely used by Pharmaceutical companies in drug manufacturing due to its powerful antibacterial, antifungal, and anti-parasitic properties.
The Hibiscus Flower whose botanical name is called sabdariffa and also known as Roselle, grows very well in countries with tropical climate eg Nigeria, Mali, Sudan, Senegal Nigeria, Mexico, China, Thailand and India etc, this Hibiscus flower producing countries supply more than 20,000 metric ton to world market annually.
Types of Hibiscus Flower
How To Start Hibiscus Flower Farming Business in Nigeria (Quick Steps)
There are four types of Hibiscus flower, below are the various types and places where they are cultivated around the world.
1). Hibiscus flower (Rosa-Sinensis):
This type of hibiscus flower is grown mainly in China as an ornamental plant.
2). Hibiscus flower (Schizopetalus):
This type of hibiscus flower is found in tropical eastern Africa countries eg Kenya, Tanzania, and Mozambique.
3). Hibiscus flower (Syriacus):
This species of Hibiscus flower is cultivated in Asia countries, especially South-central and Southeast China.
4). Hibiscus flower (Sabdariffa):
This specie of hibiscus flower is commonly called roselle and mainly cultivated by countries like Nigeria, Mali, Senegal and Sudan for consumption.
Also, the different types of Hibiscus flowers mentioned above comes in different colours; Red, yellow, salmon pink multi-coloured and double blossom.
But the Hibscus flowers grown by farmers in the Northern part of Nigeria ( Bauchi, Kastina, Kano, Gombe, Borno, and Jigawa state) are mostly Red in colour.
Nigeria being one of the largest producers of Hibiscus flower in the world and the high demand for it abroad is a big opportunity for investors in the country to venture into the farming and export of Hibiscus flower. With this they can generate the badly needed foreign exchange and also create employment opportunity for our youths.
Recently, the Association of Hibiscus Flower Exporters of Nigeria (AHFEN) revealed that Nigeria exported around 2,000 containers of Hibiscus flower to Mexico and made close to $40million within one year.
You too can be part of those making cool cash in Dollar, when you invest in either farming or exportation of Hibiscus flower from Nigeria. In fact there is enough room for new entrance into Hibiscus flower farming business in Nigeria, because those currently farming Hibiscus flower in Nigeria can’t even meet up with the foreign demand for the commodity.
So, if you are interested in Hibiscus flower farming in Nigeria, I will be happy to take you through a step by step guide on how to start Hibiscus farming, Hibiscus flower export business in Nigeria and make millions with ease.
To start a profitable Hibiscus Farming business in Nigeria, below is the step by step guide to follow.
Hibiscus flower Farming Procedure
GET HIBISCUS FLOWER FARM REGISTERED
Register your Hibiscus flower farming business with the Corporate Affairs Commission of Nigeria (CAC). Get export licence from the Nigeria export promotion council of Nigeria if you want to export the commodity.
ACQUIRE THE LAND NEEDED FOR YOUR HIBISCUS FARM.
You can buy or lease the land needed to start your Hibiscus flower farm.
SOURCING FOR HIBISCUS FLOWER SEEDS OR STEMS NEEDED FOR PLANTING.
Get the either the Hibiscus seeds or stems needed for planting, you can source for quality Hibiscus seeds and stems from the ministry of agric or from any horticulturist around your area, if they don’t have it kindly ask them to direct you to where you get it.
ADEQUATE SOIL PREPARATION
Adequate soil preparation is necessary for the Hibiscus plant to grow well, though the plant can grow in all types of soil but they grow better on sandy-loam. Let the piece of land you want to use to farm your hibiscus flower be Sandy-loam, after that Clear the land and add fertilizer/manure if needed. Also test the soil PH level before planting and ensure its between 5.5 to 6.0 because Hibiscus plant grows better on acidic soil with the above HP level.
PLANTING OF THE HIBISCUS SEEDS OR STEMS.
There are two methods of cultivating the Hibiscus plant, first is through seed broadcast and second through stem propagation. When planting the Hibiscus stem, you will need to cut it into 5-6 inches long and afterwards wet the bottom of the stem with liquid manure or fertilizer before planting so as to quicken their establishment and for correct root formation. Note: The propagated Hibiscus plant stem normally takes between 8 to 10 weeks before getting roots.
Also, before planting the Hibiscus seeds, make sure the seeds is soaked in water overnight and then planted in nursery beds of already-prepared pots or containers.
PROVIDE ADEQUATE WATER IRRIGATION
Providing adequate water irrigation is important for proper growth of the Hibiscus plant, especially during the dry season. Reason is that Hibiscus plant grows well in moist soil and with adequate sunshine.
APPLICATION OF FERTILIZER OR MANURE.
The Hibiscus plant needs lots of nutrients for proper growth, so it’s advisable you apply Potassium fertilizer or compost manure on the farm soil for the planted Hibiscus flower to bloom well.
DISEASE/PEST CONTROL IN HIBISCUS FARMING
One of the challenges of Hibiscus flower farming is the issue of pest and diseases attack that affect its healthy grow. Below are some of those pest and diseases that attack Hibiscus flower in the farm or garden.
Aphids, Mealy bugs, spider mites, stem/root rots are their most common pest and diseases that attack them. To control the pests and diseases that attack Hibiscus plant, you can use neem oil or correct pesticide. Also don’t cultivate Hibiscus flower in waterlog areas, the flowers can open in the morning drop and wilt in the evening.
HARVESTING OF HIBISCUS FLOWER
Fully bloom Hibiscus flowers can be harvested by hand picking in 9months after planting, however the harvest time largely depends on the variety but it normally takes place between October and November.
DRYING OF THE HIBISCUS FLOWER.
After harvesting the healthy Hibiscus flower, there’s need you wash to remove dirt and any foreign particles on them. Afterwards spread the Hibiscus flower in a clean open space where it can be dried by sunlight.
Use only healthy Hibiscus flowers, never use any one that is attacked by pest. Dress the flower by removing the stamens (yellow slider long in the centre
Allow some of the stem in the flower for easy drying. Wash the flowers to remove dirt and any insects on them. Drying Hibiscus flower with sunlight take a few days to get it done, depending on the intensity of heat applied.
MARKETING OF THE HIBISCUS FLOWER
After harvest it’s advisable to market or sell your dried Hibiscus flower to wholesalers and distributors who buys for local sales or for export to the US, UK,Mexico. One bag of 25kg bag of Hibiscus flower cost between N8,000 to N10,000
REASOMS WHY YOU SHOULD START HIBISCUS FLOWER FARMING BUSINESS
Hibiscus flower farming is very profitable due to high demand for it in the international market. Hibiscus farming as a perennial crop that once you plant it you are sure to keep on harvesting for a long time.