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How To Start a Profitable Soya Bean Farming Business In Nigeria

Soya beans is a leguminous food crop popularly consumed at home and used as raw materials in food industries because of its richness in protein, fiber, Iron, calcium, magnesium, vitamins and minerals.

Nigeria is one of the leading producers of Soya Beans in Africa with an annual production output of about 800,000 metric tonnes that’s not enough to meet local demand of about 2.5million metric tonnes per annum.

Profitable Soya Beans Farming Business In Nigeria

Soya beans is consumed in Nigeria by cooking and eating it, processed into Soybean oil, used as raw materials for the production of infant food by manufacturers, processed into soy beans milk, Soya beans cake for livestock feeds production, Soy beans yoghurt, food seasoning and also used as raw materials in paint and cosmetic production.

The major Soya Beans producing states in Nigeria are Benue,Adamawa, Kaduna, Kano, Katsina, Kwara, Taraba but to be frank the crop can be grown in virtually every part of the country.
Soya Beans cultivation in Nigeria usually begins in the month of May or June every year. Soya beans grow well on all types of soil, except deep soils with poor water retention. So, Agric expert recommended that the optimal ground PH for soya bean cultivation is 6.5, and it might be calcified.

To Start a profitable Soya Beans Farming Business In Nigeria below is the steps by step guide to follow.

Soya Beans Farm Setup Requirement 

Select Suitable Farm Land with the Right Soil Types:

Getting a suitable farm land with rich soils for your Soya Beans Farming Business In Nigeria is very important if you want a bumper harvest.
Soya beans seeds thrive in soil that has high clay plus sand mixture content and it grows well during the raining season or in a well-drained loamy soil.
Note: Soya Beans don’t do well in sandy soil or in a waterlogged farmland.
How To Start a Profitable Soya Bean Farming Business In Nigeria

Select the right type of Soya seeds:

There are several varieties of Soya Beans seeds (Green,Yellow and Black) being sold to farmers out there by seeds companies and individuals, so it’s advisable you select the soya bean type that will meet the needs of your target customers. The green Soya beans varieties is good for making Soya beans milk and black soya beans seeds is okay for the purpose of drying it after harvest. The common varieties of Soya Beans that are available in Nigeria are as follows TGX 1485-ID, TGX 1448-2E and TGX 1835-10E.

Soya Beans Seed Planting Rate:

The requirement quantity of soya bean seed per hectare of land is usually estimated at between 50kg and 60kg.

Plant The Soya Beans Seeds at the Right Time:

Soya bean plants generally produce the highest yields when planted in May. However, the soil temperature should be put into consideration as well. It is recommended that you plant when the soil warms to about 60 F (15.5 C) and the air to about 70 F (21 C). It is also advisable that you don’t plant your soya beans beside onions.

Prepare the Soya Beans seed beds

Soya bean plants require a good balance of nutrients in the soil to grow properly. If there are too many or too few nutrients, the plants won’t grow properly. Therefore, it’s important that you add fertilizer to the soil if the area hasn’t been enriched in recent years.
To enrich the soil, add aged manure or compost before planting. In Nigeria, cultivation begins in May/June when the rain begins and harvesting takes place in October/November, depending on the time of sowing.
How To Start a Profitable Soya Bean Farming Business In Nigeria

Planting the Soya Beans Seeds:

Sow the soya beans seeds 1.5 inches (3.8cm) deep into the soil, and space the beans about three inches (7.6cm) apart. Plant the beans in rows that are 30 inches (76cm) apart. When planting the seeds, ensure the seeds face the ground, and water immediately after planting.
Sowing can be done manually by placing three or more seeds in the soil and covering them with the surface soil.
Once the soya beans plants establish themselves and get larger, you don’t have to worry too much about weeding, because the soya plants will kill the plants on their own. Proper weed control has a high tendency to ensure the increases of the yield.

Watering The Planted Soya Beans Seeds:

Soya beans naturally only need additional water during three stages: when they are first growing and before they come out from the soil, when they are developing pods, and when they are flowering.
During these periods, ensure that you water the plants frequently to keep the soil moist.

Harvesting Period For Soya Beans:

Harvesting of soya beans is a time consuming process. You can start to harvest your soya beans three months (100 to 160 days) after planting. At this time, the plant should have attained maturity. This is usually determined when about 90 per cent of the pod has turned brown.
To know if the Soya beans are ready for harvest, the pods will be between two and three inches (five to eight cm) long. Harvesting is usually carried out manually using a sickle or a cutlass to cut the matured plant at the ground level leaving the root still buried in the ground.
How To Start a Profitable Soya Bean Farming Business In Nigeria
The harvested soya beans are then spread on a tarpaulin and allowed to dry under the direct sunlight before they are threshed.

Conclusion

Now that you read through the post on how To Start a profitable Soya Beans Farming Business In Nigeria, I believe taking steps to setup your own Soya Beans Farm wouldn’t be difficult.

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