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Nigeria’s fish exports on marginal decline

Nigeria’s fish exports have seen marginal decline in the last five years.

According to data provided by the International Trade Centre’s (ITC) Trade Map on fish and crustaceans, molluscs and other aquatic invertebrates, growth in exported value between 2016 and 2020 was -18 percent.

While Nigeria’s exports represented zero percent of world exports, its ranking in global exports is 104.

Last year, Nigeria exported $28,604,000. In 2016, the value was $63,537,000; $45,760,000 in 2017; $44,981,000 in 2018; $32,266,000 in 2019 and $28,575,000.

Countries which bought Nigeria produce include Chad, Mexico, United States, Belgium, France, Netherlands and Spain.

However, Netherlands was the largest buyer of fish and crustaceans, molluscan and other aquatic invertebrates from Nigeria in the last fiscal year, importing fish worth $16,540,000.This represented 57.8 per cent of the total exports. In 2016, the value of imports from Nigeria was $35,156,000, $26,000,000 in 2017, $25,805,000 in 2018 and $18,542,000 in 2019. Belgium imports $3,551,000 worth of fish representing 12.4 per cent while France imported $3,512,000 worth representing 12.3 per cent.

United States’ fish import was $1,448,000, representing 5.1 per cent, Spain $748,000 representing 2.6 per cent while Chad imported $645,000 worth of fish from Nigeria, representing 2.3 per cent. Mexico imported $482,000, representing 1.7 per cent and Taipei, Chinese $464,000 representing 1.6 per cent.

Malaysia import was put at $441, 000, China $384, 000, Russian Federation $252,000 and Poland imported fish worth $42,000 from Nigeria.

United Republic of Tanzania imported fish worth $36,000, Andorra $28, 000, Sierra Leone $18, 000 and Turkey $13,000 worth.

Read Also: Nigeria behind in shrimps, prawns exports
On the other hand, Nigeria exports fish and crustaceans, molluscs and other aquatic invertebrates.

Its imports represent 1.1 per cent of world imports for the product, ranking 22 on the global scale.

Total imports for last year was put $1,269,469,000. In 2016,Nigeria imported $669,514,000 worth $138,779,000 worth of fish and crustaceans, molluscs and other aquatic invertebrates, $692,924,000 worth in 2017, $686,460,000 in 2018, $ 789,739,000 in 2019 and $1,269,468,000 in 2020.

Nigeria imported $138,779,000 worth of fish and crustaceans, molluscs and other aquatic invertebrates from Chile, $100,052,000 worth of the product from Iceland, and $92,363,000 from Norway .

In 2016, Nigeria imported $65,555,000 from Chile, $53,838,000 in 2017, $74,600 in 2018, $95,410,000 in 2019 and 138,779 in 2020.

Meanwhile, to support seaborne trade, Nigeria and other members of the Fisheries Committee of the West Central Gulf of Guinea (FCWC) recently hosted a five-day Task Force meeting in Accra, Ghana to discuss interagency cooperation and regional collaboration.

The meeting is the tenth regional meeting since the first in April 2015 also in Ghana and will again bring together Directors of Fisheries and Heads of MCS of the six FCWC Member States and other fisheries MCS-related actors to share updates and review national and regional level activities.

“This tenth West Africa Task Force (WATF) meeting marks seven years of agencies working together at the national levels and Member States working together at the regional level to stop illegal, unreported and unregulated fishing. The WATF has successfully operationalized the FCWC’s MCS mandate and many achievements have been chalked. It is important and necessary to highlight these achievements as we press on to build upon them for further concrete results in the future,” FCWC Secretary-General Seraphim Dedi stated.

Key discussions for the upcoming meeting include: a recap of the past 24 months; the Regional MCS Centre and updates on integration with national VMS systems; WATF cases and lessons learnt; a review and validation of the pilot regional observer programme project; and the process of the mid-term review.

The WATF brings together the six member countries of the Fisheries Committee for the West Central Gulf of Guinea (FCWC) – Benin, Côte d’Ivoire, Ghana, Liberia, Nigeria, and Togo – to tackle illegal fishing and stop the trade in illegally caught fish.

The Task Force is facilitated by the FCWC Secretariat and supported by a Technical Team that includes Trygg Mat Tracking (TMT) and Stop Illegal Fishing (SIF) with funding from the Norwegian Cooperation Agency (NORAD). Through active cooperation, information sharing and facilitating the operations of national interagency working groups, the West Africa Task Force is working together to stop illegal fishing.   By Daniel Essiet

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